STRUGGLE IN THE PERSIAN GULF 275 both Spain and Portugal1) to take the silk, but his proposals had not been well received ; and in England the East India merchants had said "the way is long and dangerous, the trade uncertain, and must quite cut off our traffic with the Turk." When Steele reached Isfahan, Sherley had returned to Persia, and was preparing to start on a second mission to the Court of Spain* Roe, the English Ambassador at the Court of the Great Moghul, believing that he was bound to succeed, was opposed to any further steps towards utilizing the farman. The factors, however, at a meeting held at Surat in A.D. 1616, decided that, owing to the departure of Sherley (whom they regarded with mistrust), the state of war existing between Persia and Turkey, and the necessity of selling their broadcloth, an attempt to trade should be made, and the event proved that they were justified in their decision. The Spanish Embassy to Per si a, 1618-1619.—While Sherley was in Madrid on his second mission, the Spanish government despatched an embassy to Persia headed by Don Garcia de Silva y Figueroa, who wrote a voluminous account of his journey. The Ambassador landed at Hormuz, and travelling via Shiraz and Isfahan reached the Persian Court at Kazvin. He was well received and was favourably impressed by the Shah, but in the main object of his mission, which was to obtain a guarantee for the security of Hormuz, he was unsuccessful. The Battle of Jask> A.D. 1620.—While Connock was in Persia a strong Portuguese squadron from Hormuz visited Jask in search of the James^ which had fortunately returned to Surat. In A.D. 1618 it was decided to continue the Persian trade, and the whole fleet assembled at Surat was despatched to Jask, where the Portuguese were found ready to intercept the English squadron. There was a skirmish, followed by a period of inaction ; but when the English realized that their opponents were unwilling to attack, they bore down on the Portuguese, and the historical engagement off the eastern point of 1 From 1580 to 1640 Portugal formed a portion of the Spanish Empire, and this connexion was a prime factor in the decay of its power in the East.